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Navigational Video and Virtual Tours

Stanford Reference:



This portfolio of inventions provides the tools for an advanced navigational system and panoramic virtual tours – technology that is incorporated in Google Street View. The technology synthesizes missing images to provide a continuous panoramic tour from arbitrary viewpoints and the ability to tag video. When applied to navigation, the system can generate a map using location and scene data from a variety of sensors including GPS, laser scanners, and cameras, for off and on road terrains – moving vehicle position is precisely tracked on the generated map. The technology was demonstrated in the 2005 and 2007 DARPA Autonomous Vehicle Challenges.

Technologies in the Portfolio

Multi-point Viewing of Panoramic Video (S06-418) – A software system that allows a user to view panoramic videos from arbitrary viewpoints using separate, non-overlapping, geo-referenced, panoramic video streams, synthesizing missing panoramic images to provide the user with a complete video sequence.

Tagging Objects in Panoramic Videos (S06-419) - This user interface enables a user to define tags within virtual tour applications that label objects in panoramic images and video – a process that has been very difficult to achieve prior to this invention.

User Interface for Displaying and Navigating Video (S07-033) - Stanford researchers developed this responsive, intuitive user interface to enable a user to explore a dataset consisting of many location-referenced image panoramas (mapped scene data), with a client-server architecture that minimizes critical user viewing or video play wait times.

Software System for Collecting, Storing, Processing & Serving Panoramic Images and Movies (S07-034) - This software system acquires panoramic video footage and makes the data viewable on a Web browser. The system enables a human editor to select specific subsequences of the data, and organize it, and have others view it.

*These can be licensed separately or in combination.


  • Navigation Systems
    • Mapping & Positioning
    • Advanced driver assistance
    • Unmanned ground vehicles
  • Video and Graphics
    • Virtual tours
    • Interactive videos
    • Panoramic videos at multiple resolutions
  • Computer and Internet Software
    • Panoramic data storage in real-time
    • Data processing for interactive viewing
    • Data serving on a Web browser


  • Navigation Systems
    • Improved accuracy, resolution and reliability for relative vehicle localization
    • Independence of requirement for “landmark” features to generate maps
    • Robust mapping under all weather conditions
  • Video and Graphics
    • Multiple viewpoint viewing
    • Multiple segmented videos
    • Improved user interface providing intuitive way of selecting images from a large database
  • Computer and Internet Software
    • Quick uploaded display of panoramic data over low-bandwidth data links
    • Use in either Web-based application or client server application


  • Arfidsson, Joakim, Hendrik Dahlkamp, Andrew Lookingbill, and Sebastian Thrun. "Process for displaying and navigating panoramic video, and method and user interface for streaming panoramic video and images between a server and browser-based client application." U.S. Patent 8,074,241, issued December 6, 2011.
  • System and process for synthesizing location-referenced panoramic images and video US Patent Application US20080106593
  • System and method for tagging objects in a panoramic video and associating functions and indexing panoramic images with same US patent Application US20080106594

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Innovators & Portfolio

Patent Status

Date Released


Licensing Contact

Imelda Oropeza, Licensing Associate
650-725-9039 (Business)
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[-] Map/Timeline

97-049 Adaptive Sectored Antenna System
97-066 Polysurf: An Interactive Software System for Fitting a Network of Nurbs Surfaces and Associated Displacement Maps to Dense Polygonal (3-Dimensional) Meshes
98-002 Common-Path Interferometric Sensor Array

more technologies »

Related Keywords

internet: video   computer science   autonomous vehicles   mobile video   internet: data storage   instrumentation: navigational -- GPS   GPS   computer: virtual reality   computer: data storage   navigation   position sensors   software: graphics   software: imaging   video: software   virtual tour   geo location   geoimaging   geographic information system   communications: broadband   vehicle control systems   software: video   video processing   video: indexing   



Also of Interest...
97-049 Adaptive Sectored Antenna System
97-066 Polysurf: An Interactive Software System for Fitting a Network of Nurbs Surfaces and Associated Displacement Maps to Dense Polygonal (3-Dimensional) Meshes
98-002 Common-Path Interferometric Sensor Array

Recently Viewed...
S07-033 Navigational Video and Virtual Tours