Notice: Undefined index: HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE in C:\inetpub\wwwroot\technology_detail.php on line 331
 Technology Detail

The Office of Technology Licensing was established in 1970 to transfer technologies developed at Stanford. Find out more about OTL's history, mission, staff, and statistics.

Login to TechFinder » 

Navigational Video and Virtual Tours

Stanford Reference:



This portfolio of inventions provides the tools for an advanced navigational system and panoramic virtual tours – technology that is incorporated in Google Street View. The technology synthesizes missing images to provide a continuous panoramic tour from arbitrary viewpoints and the ability to tag video. When applied to navigation, the system can generate a map using location and scene data from a variety of sensors including GPS, laser scanners, and cameras, for off and on road terrains – moving vehicle position is precisely tracked on the generated map. The technology was demonstrated in the 2005 and 2007 DARPA Autonomous Vehicle Challenges.

Technologies in the Portfolio

Multi-point Viewing of Panoramic Video (S06-418) – A software system that allows a user to view panoramic videos from arbitrary viewpoints using separate, non-overlapping, geo-referenced, panoramic video streams, synthesizing missing panoramic images to provide the user with a complete video sequence.

Tagging Objects in Panoramic Videos (S06-419) - This user interface enables a user to define tags within virtual tour applications that label objects in panoramic images and video – a process that has been very difficult to achieve prior to this invention.

User Interface for Displaying and Navigating Video (S07-033) - Stanford researchers developed this responsive, intuitive user interface to enable a user to explore a dataset consisting of many location-referenced image panoramas (mapped scene data), with a client-server architecture that minimizes critical user viewing or video play wait times.

Software System for Collecting, Storing, Processing & Serving Panoramic Images and Movies (S07-034) - This software system acquires panoramic video footage and makes the data viewable on a Web browser. The system enables a human editor to select specific subsequences of the data, and organize it, and have others view it.

*These can be licensed separately or in combination.


  • Navigation Systems
    • Mapping & Positioning
    • Advanced driver assistance
    • Unmanned ground vehicles
  • Video and Graphics
    • Virtual tours
    • Interactive videos
    • Panoramic videos at multiple resolutions
  • Computer and Internet Software
    • Panoramic data storage in real-time
    • Data processing for interactive viewing
    • Data serving on a Web browser


  • Navigation Systems
    • Improved accuracy, resolution and reliability for relative vehicle localization
    • Independence of requirement for “landmark” features to generate maps
    • Robust mapping under all weather conditions
  • Video and Graphics
    • Multiple viewpoint viewing
    • Multiple segmented videos
    • Improved user interface providing intuitive way of selecting images from a large database
  • Computer and Internet Software
    • Quick uploaded display of panoramic data over low-bandwidth data links
    • Use in either Web-based application or client server application


  • Arfidsson, Joakim, Hendrik Dahlkamp, Andrew Lookingbill, and Sebastian Thrun. "Process for displaying and navigating panoramic video, and method and user interface for streaming panoramic video and images between a server and browser-based client application." U.S. Patent 8,074,241, issued December 6, 2011.
  • System and process for synthesizing location-referenced panoramic images and video US Patent Application US20080106593
  • System and method for tagging objects in a panoramic video and associating functions and indexing panoramic images with same US patent Application US20080106594

Related Web Links

Innovators & Portfolio

Patent Status

Date Released


Licensing Contact

Imelda Oropeza, Licensing Associate
650-725-9039 (Business)
Request Info

[-] Map/Timeline

97-049 Adaptive Sectored Antenna System
97-066 Polysurf: An Interactive Software System for Fitting a Network of Nurbs Surfaces and Associated Displacement Maps to Dense Polygonal (3-Dimensional) Meshes
98-002 Common-Path Interferometric Sensor Array

more technologies »

Related Keywords

internet: video   computer science   autonomous vehicles   mobile video   internet: data storage   instrumentation: navigational -- GPS   GPS   computer: virtual reality   computer: data storage   navigation   position sensors   software: graphics   software: imaging   video: software   virtual tour   geo location   geoimaging   geographic information system   communications: broadband   vehicle control systems   software: video   video processing   video: indexing   



Also of Interest...
97-049 Adaptive Sectored Antenna System
97-066 Polysurf: An Interactive Software System for Fitting a Network of Nurbs Surfaces and Associated Displacement Maps to Dense Polygonal (3-Dimensional) Meshes
98-002 Common-Path Interferometric Sensor Array

Recently Viewed...
S07-033 Navigational Video and Virtual Tours