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Analysis and optimization of gene expression using synthetic promoters


Stanford Reference:

11-222


Abstract


Stanford researchers have developed a method to quantify a cell phenotypic response over a continuous range of ectopic gene expression levels. The researchers generated a library of synthetic promoters capable of a 40-fold expression range in mammalian cells and developed a retroviral vector to faithfully deploy the library, gene of interest, and fluorescent reporter.

This invention is fast, efficient, and highly compatible with existing expression systems since the promoters have been generated from constitutive promoters already commonly used in practice. This invention will allow experiments that generate and evaluate a range of gene expression levels. These types of experiments have been limited in the past since currently available tools and methods are unavailable, tedious, or inadequate.


Applications


  • Tune gene expression in synthetic biology devices, genetic circuits, and engineered cells.
  • Identify optimal individual gene and multi-gene expression levels for generating specific cell behaviors and phenotypes, including proliferation, apoptosis, senescence, tumorigenesis, metatastasis, cell differentiation, and generation of stem cells from terminally differentiated somatic cells.
  • Generate cell populations that can be used to screen for therapeutics that abrogate synergy between genes or expressed factors. The invention can be used to generate dose-responses for genes of interest.

Advantages


  • High compatibility with existing expression systems - The promoters have been generated from constitutive promoters already commonly used in practice.
  • Efficient - Use of viral expression vectors allows for efficient gene delivery and makes high-throughput gene transduction possible.
  • Fast with high resolution - The method is able to generate gene expression dose-response curves with higher resolution in a faster manner than other methods.

Publications



Stage of Research


This method has been tested, demonstrating that it can be used to tune and optimize gene expression levels in mammalian cells. As an example of this method, named SPLAT (Synthetic Promoter Library Aggregate Transduction), the researchers determined the dose-dependent effects of Ras expression. Dose-response curves indicated that a single-copy level of oncogenic Ras (HRAS G12V) generated maximal imatinib resistance and activated MAPK as effectively as six-fold amplification of wild-type Ras higher expression levels led to decreasing proliferation rates.

Related Web Links



Innovators & Portfolio



Date Released

 6/25/2013
 

Licensing Contact


Irit Gal, Senior Licensing Associate
irit.gal@stanford.edu
650-723-1586 (Business)

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Related Keywords


research tool: culture   research tool: expression system   research tool: vector   gene expression   gene expression analysis   gene expression profiling   top pharma companies   research tool: cell line   
 

   

  

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S11-222 Analysis and optimization of gene expression using synthetic promoters